Signs of Deficiency Charts
Vitamin Chart
Mineral Chart
 Major FunctionsSigns of Shortage Nature's Sunshine SourcesDietary SourcesHerb Sources
CalciumEssential for blood clotting and the structure of bones and teeth, needed for working of nerves and all other electrically active body tissues Stunted growth, rickets, osteoporosis, convulsionsIron, Mega-Chel, Trace Mineral Maintenance, Nutri-Calm, SKL Formula, Super Supplemental Vitamin & Mineral, Vitamin Calcium w/ Magnesium & Vitamin D, SynerPro Calcium-Magnesium, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and MineralsDairy products, green vegetables, dried legumesValerian, white oak bark, pau d'arco, kelp barberry, horsetail
ChromiumInvolved in glucose and energy metabolism, helps regulate blood sugarDisturbances of glucose fat and protein metabolismChromium, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals, Mega-Chel, Trace Mineral Maintenance, Super Supplemental Vitamin & Mineral, Target P-14 Brewer's yeast, chicken, dairy products, seafood, fresh fruit, potatoes with skin, whole grainsOat straw, red clover, bee pollen, juniper berries, damiana
CobaltPromotes normal red blood cell formation, functions in activation of several enzymes, necessary for the manufacture of Vitamin B12 in the bodyNone reported in humans, possibly a factor in pernicious anemiaTrace Mineral Maintenance, Vitamin B12Organ and muscle meats, milkGolden seal, capsicum, dong quai, pau d' arco, echinacea, mullein
CopperNeeded by cells to utilize oxygen, blood formation, functioning of enzymes involved in iron metabolismAnemia, low white blood cell count, bone demineralizationMega-Chel, Trace Mineral Maintenance, Super Supplemental Vitamin & Mineral, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and MineralsLentils, wheat germ, blackstrap molasses, some nuts, mushrooms, honeyScullcap, sage, white oak bark, horsetail, yucca
IodineNeeded for thyroid gland, thyroid hormones Enlarged thyroid (goiter)Mega-Chel, Mineral Maintenance, Super Supplemental Vitamin & Mineral, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals, Target TS IISeafood, iodized saltKelp, black walnut hulls
Iron Needed in manufacturing of myoglobin and hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying compound in blood) and enzymes involved in energy metabolismIron-deficiency anemia, reduced resistance to infection, fatigueChildren's Chewable Vitamin, Iron, Mega-Chel, Trace Mineral Maintenance, SKL Formula, Super Supplemental Vitamin & Mineral, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and MineralsLiver, meat, eggs, legumes, whole grains, green leafy vegetablesYellow dock, mullein, blue cohosh, butcher's broom, kelp, bilberry, burdock, red raspberry, dandelion
MagnesiumNeeded by all cells important in electrical activity of nerves and muscles, activates enzymes, protein synthesis, influences cellular calcium levelsGrowth failure, behavioral disturbances, weakness, spasmsMagnesium, Mega-Chel, Trace Mineral Maintenance, SKL Formula, Super Supplemental Vitamin & Mineral, Calcium w/ Magnesium & Vitamin D, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and MineralsBeans, nuts, whole grains, leafy green vegetablesOat straw, kelp, licorice, peppermint, burdock, marshmallow, horsetail, parsley
ManganeseCell metabolism, fat production, enzyme functionNone reported for humansMega-Chel, Trace Mineral Maintenance, SKL Formula, Super Supplemental, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and MineralsAvocados, beans, oatmeal, nuts, buckwheatRed raspberry, bilberry, ginger, gotu kola, white oak bark
PhosphorusCell energy (ATP formation), key element in cell reactions, structure of bones and teethWeakness, demineralization of bone, loss of calciumTrace Mineral Maintenance, SKL Formula, Super Supplemental Vitamin & Mineral, SynerPro Calcium-Magnesium, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and MineralsMeat, dairy products, beans, peas, cereals, poultry, grainsBilberry, peppermint, yellow dock, fennel, mullein, hops
PotassiumMajor mineral in body cells, regulates body water balance, nerve function and many cell reactionsMuscular weakness, paralysis Combination Potassium, Mega-Chel, Trace Mineral Maintenance, SKL Formula, Super Supplemental Vitamin & MineralAvocados, bananas , apricots, potatoes, and many other foodsParsley, blessed thistle, sage, catnip, hops, peppermint, feverfew, kelp, red clover
SeleniumFunctions in close association with vitamin E, is an antioxidant Anemia (rare)Defense Maintenance, Mega-Chel, Trace Mineral Maintenance, Super Supplemental Vitamin & Mineral, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and MineralsSeafood, meat, grainsCatnip, ho shou woo, valerian, blue cohosh, barberry, blessed thistle, ginseng
ZincNeeded in the structure of cell enzymes, a factor in enzymes involved in digestion, plays a role in prostate health, aids wound healingGrowth failure, infertility, delayed wound healingMega-Chel, Trace Mineral Maintenance, Super Supplemental SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals, Target P14, Target TS II, ZincWidely distributed in food, especially pumpkin and sunflower seedsBilberry, capsicum, sage, spirulina, echinacea, gotu kola
Vitamin Chart
Major Functions Signs of Shortage Nature's Sunshine Sources Dietary Sources Herb Sources
Vitamin A Essential for normal function of the retina; necessary for growth of bone; necessary for ovarian and testicular function; functions as a co-enzyme Night blindness, increased susceptibility to infections, respiratory infections, dry skin A & D, Defense Maintenance, BetaCarotene, Mega-Chel, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals, Super Supplemental Vitamin Mineral Fish liver oils, carrots, parsley, spinach, collards, cantaloupeParsley
Thiamine (B1) A co-enzyme necessary for converting carbohydrates into energy for muscles and nervous system Loss of appetite, fatigue, mental problems, beriberi SynerPro Vitamin B Complex, Balanced B, Nutri-CalmBrewer's yeast, rye and wholewheat flour, beans, seeds, brown rice*
Riboflavin (B2) A component in two coenzymes needed for normal tissue respiration; activates vitamin B6 Cracks and sores in corners of mouth, light-sensitive eyes, dizziness SynerPro Vitamin B Complex, Balanced B, Nutri-Calm Almonds, brewer's yeast, cheese, chicken, organ meats, wheat germ*
Niacin Aids in release of energy from foods; helps synthesize DNA; a component of two enzymes necessary for utilization of tat, tissue respiration and production of sugars Muscle weakness, general fatigue, loss of appetite, dry or coarse skin, pellagra Niacin, SynerPro Vitamin B Complex, Balanced B, Nutri-Calm Beef liver, brewer's yeast, white meat of chicken, sunflower seeds, meats*
Pyridoxine (B6) Acts as a co-enzyme for metabolic functions affecting the utilization of carbohydrates, protein and fat; promotes conversion of tryptophan to niacin or serotonin Irritability, mental confusion, weakness, kidney stones, insomnia, anemia B6, SynerPro Vitamin B Complex, Balanced B, Nutri-Calm, Monthly Maintenance, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals Avocados, bananas, brewer's yeast, whole wheat, brown rice, lentils *
Pantothenic Acid (B5) Acts as a co-enzyme in metabolism of carbohydrates, protein and fat None proven Pantothenic Acid, SynerPro Vitamin B Complex, Balanced B, Nutri-Calm, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals * *
Biotin Vitamin (H) Necessary for normal growth, development and health; produced by intestinal bacteria Fatigue, hair loss, muscle pains, depression, loss of appetite, skin disorders SynerPro Vitamin B Complex, Balanced B, Nutri-Calm, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals Whole grains, nuts, meats, lentils, brewer's yeast, tuna *
Folic Acid (B9) Acts as a co-enzyme for DNA synthesis; promotes normal red blood cell formation; functions as a coenzyme in amino acid and nucleoprotein synthesis Red blood cell disorders, irritability, lack of energy, forgetfulness, diarrhea, sleeping difficulties SynerPro Vitamin B Complex, Balanced B, Nutri-Calm, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals Whole grains, lentils, oranges, whole wheat, green leafy vegetables *
Vitamin B12 Acts as a co-enzyme for normal DNA synthesis; promotes normal
fat, carbohydrate and protein utilization; promotes growth, cell development, blood cell development, manufacture of covering of nerve cells, normal function of nervous system
Pernicious anemia, profound fatigue, nausea, yellow eyes and skin, depression, shortness of breath, dementia, bleeding gums B 12, SynerPro B Complex, Balanced B, Nutri-Calm, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals Beef, dairy products, seafood, (not found in vegetables) *
Vitamin C Necessary for collagen formation repair; an antioxidant; needed for metabolism of folic acid and iron; strengthens blood vessels; helps utilization of carbohydrates and synthesis of fats and proteins Scurvy, easy bruising, nosebleeds, slow healing of wounds, frequent infections SynerPro Vitamin C w/Bioflavonoids, Vitamin C 1000 mg, Chewable Vitamin C, Nutri-Calm, Defense Maintenance Formula, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals Many fruits and vegetables Capsicum, rose hips, alfalfa, parsley
Vitamin D Absorbs and uses calcium and phosphorus to make bone; essential for normal growth and development Rickets, weak bones, muscle weakness A & D, Calcium-Magnesium with Vitamin D, SKL Formula, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals Fortified milk, some seafoods*
Vitamin E An antioxidant; a co-factor in several enzymes; promotes normal growth and development; acts as an anti-blood-clotting agent; promotes normal red blood cell formationLack of vitality, decreased sexual performance, apathy, irritability, muscle weakness
Vitamin E 400 IU, Defense Maintenance Formula, SynerPro Multiple Vitamins and Minerals

Raw nuts, whole wheat, some vegetable oilsAlfalfa, psyllium seed

* No significant herbal source